Building a Tech Ecosystem

More and more regions are hoping to grow by playing host to a tech scene. And the truth is, almost any region of any size, at this point, probably has at least a small number of startups in it. But there’s a difference between having some startups and really having a viable tech scene.

Some variables that encourage tech ecosystems include: one successful tech company to inspire smaller businesses, access to venture capital, encouraging institutions, co-working/ accelerator/ makerspaces, tech reporters, lots of engineers, state of the art internet access and informal leaders. For a thorough description of each variable, please visit our Tech Ecosystem Resource page.

Explore related categories below to understand our existing regional, tech ecosystem related assets:

Really Fast Internet:
Educational Institutions:
Lots of Engineers:
 
To download the spreadsheet with Tech data and more please see the Economics Data page.


 Really Fast Internet


Regional Broadband Access

The Central Coast Broadband Consortium provides an interactive map to explore broadband access where you live: http://map.centralcoastbroadbandconsortium.org/

In the link provided, type in your address to find the following information where you live:
  • Fixed Broadband providers
  • Mobile Broadband Providers
  • Satellite Broadband Providers
  • Maximum Advertised Downstream Speed by Technology Type
  • Maximum Advertised Upstream Speed by Technology Type

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Internet Households (2014)

  • Santa Cruz County: 87.4% of all households have internet access in 2014.
  • Monterey County: 76.0% of all households have internet access in 2014.
Source(s):
1) U.S. Census Bureau, 2014 1-Year American Community Survey Table B28002
2) U.S. Census Bureau, 2013 1-Year American Community Survey Table B28002

Note: San Benito County data is not available in the U.S. Census ACS 1-year survey as it does not meet the county population requirements.
 
Select Year:
 
 
 

 
 
 

  • Cable modem internet is the most used internet connection type in California, Santa Cruz County and Monterey County.
  • In Santa Cruz County, 41.9% of all households use only a cable modem for internet access in 2014, up from 33.3% in 2013.
  • In Monterey County in 2014, cable modem internet access is more used than DSL, with 28.4% of all households relying only cable internet access, compared to 19.2% for DSL.
Source(s):
1) U.S. Census Bureau, 2014 1-Year American Community Survey Table B28002
2) U.S. Census Bureau, 2013 1-Year American Community Survey Table B28002

Note: San Benito County data is not available in the U.S. Census ACS 1-year survey as it does not meet the county population requirements.
Select Year:
 
 
 
 

 
 
 


Internet Speed Access (2014)

  • In January 2015, the FCC changed the broadband definition to internet speeds of 25Mbps or higher.
  • Following the FCC guidelines, Monterey County and Santa Cruz County lag behind California when it comes to the percentage of the population having access to broadband speeds.
  • In Santa Cruz County, 61.8% of the population has access to broadband speeds (25Mbps or higher).
  • In Monterey County, 65.7% of the population has access to broadband speeds (25Mbps or higher).
 
 
 


Educational Institutions



For additional data on our Educational Institutions in the Monterey Bay Region, please visit our Higher Education & Research page to view data on:
  • Reports and presentations about Higher Education in the Region
  • Higher Education & Research location map
  • College Scorecard provided by U.S. Department of Education
  • Operating Budget by Schools
  • School Enrollment
  • Faculty & Staff by Schools
  • UC Santa Cruz - Profile summary
  • UC Santa Cruz - Student Demographic
  • Community Colleges - Student Headcount
  • Community Colleges - Student Demographics
  • Community Colleges - Student Transfers to UC Schools
  • Community Colleges - Student Transfers to CSU Schools


Total Population with Bachelor Degrees or Higher (2014)
 
  • Population with a bachelor degree or higher:
    • Monterey County: 15.5% of county population
    • Santa Cruz County: 26.2% of county population
    • San Benito County: 12.9% of county population
  • Population with a science and engineering degree:
    • Monterey County: 6.0% of county population
    • Santa Cruz County: 12.7% of county population
    • San Benito County: 5.1% of county population
 
Source(s):U.S. Census Bureau, 2010-2014 5-Year American Community Survey Table B15012 and Table S0101
 
 
 
 
 
 



To view additional data on degrees awarded, please visit UC Santa Cruz's A Bird's Eye View Reports, published annually. A more detailed look on degrees can be found in UC Santa Cruz's degrees conferred data page.

Additional degree data can be found in the The University of California Information Center data page on degrees awarded.

The data dashboard below presents a view on degrees awarded in UC Santa Cruz provided by the University of California Information Center.
 


Degrees in STEM fields are highlighted in blue in the graphs below. STEM fields are based on the U.S. Census definition which can be found here. Additional U.S. Census information on STEM is available from this report.

Select Term:
 
 
 
 

Select Degree (STEM Degrees in Blue):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
To view additional data on CSU Monterey Bay (CSUMB), please visit the CSUMB University Factbook page to dive deeper into data on:
Degrees in STEM fields are highlighted in blue in the graphs below. STEM fields are based on the U.S. Census definition which can be found here. Additional U.S. Census information on STEM is available from this report.

Select Term:
 
 
 
 

Select Degree (STEM Degrees in Blue):
 
Select Term:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
Degrees in STEM fields are highlighted in blue in the graphs below. STEM fields are based on the U.S. Census definition which can be found here. Additional U.S. Census information on STEM is available from this report.

Source: The California Colleges Chancellor's Office Data Mart page
 
Select School:
 
Select Term:
 
 
 
 

Select School:
 
Select Degree (STEM Degrees in Blue):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


Lots of Engineers


U.S. Census STEM Majors and Occupations

The core of a vibrant and successful tech ecosystem are STEM majors and STEM occupations. The U.S. Census provides an interactive way to look at the relationship between college majors and occupations on a nationwide basis with a special focus on STEM. The tool also provides an easy way to explore the data by sex and race. Click on the image below to go to the interactive tool.





STEM Degrees in the Monterey Bay Region

As local businesses seek to get in front of their future workforce, it is useful for them to know the sheer numbers of STEM graduates produced by local colleges annually. The below data is provided in order to showcase the number of STEM degrees awarded in the Monterey Bay region for the 2015-2016 year.  This is the most up-to-date data available. 

Please note that the STEM degree data collected by the Monterey County Business Council (MCBC) is provided by the colleges in our region. The degrees and majors associated with STEM disciplines are internally defined by each college. Therefore, the STEM majors included in this table may not reflect STEM majors as they are defined by the U.S. Census.

A spreadsheet of the data below provided by MCBC is available for download here.
 
STEM Degrees in the Monterey Bay Region
  Cabrillo CSUMB Gavilan Hartnell MPC NPS UCSC Totals


Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Bachelor Degrees in the Region (2014)

  • In Monterey County,  38.7% of bachelor degrees reported are STEM degrees, lagging slightly behind California, with reported 40.7%.
  • Santa Cruz County is well above the state average, with 48.3% of bachelor degrees in STEM fields.
  • San Benito County is in line with the state average and higher than Monterey County with 39.6% of reported bachelor degrees in a STEM field.
Source(s): U.S. Census Bureau, 2010-2014 5-Year American Community Survey Table B15012

Note: When reporting field of bachelor's degree, the U.S. census includes the following majors as part of S.T.E.M (see census explanation here for more info):
  • Computers, mathematics, and statistics (includes computer science, mathematics, computer and information systems)
  • Biological, agricultural, and environmental sciences (includes biology, general agriculture, animal sciences)
  • Physical and related science (includes chemistry, physics, geology and earth science)
  • Psychology (includes psychology, counseling psychology)
  • Social sciences (includes sociology, economics, anthropology and archeology, political science and government)
  • Engineering (includes mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, civil engineering)
  • Multidisciplinary studies (includes multidisciplinary or general science, nutrition science, interdisciplinary social sciences)
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 

 
  • The Tri-County region is well ahead of the state average when it comes to Biological, Agricultural and Environmental Science degrees.
  • San Benito tops the Tri-County region with 11.2% of all bachelor degrees being Biological, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences, followed by Santa Cruz at 9.8% and Monterey county with 8.2%.
  • In Monterey County, 4% of all bachelor degrees are Computers, Mathematics and Statistics degrees.
  • Nearly 5% of all Bachelor Degrees in Santa Cruz County are Computers, Mathematics and Statistics Degrees.
  • 3.1% of all Bachelor Degrees in San Benito County are Computers, Mathematics and Statistics degrees, trailing Santa Cruz and Monterey County.
Source(s):U.S. Census Bureau, 2010-2014 5-Year American Community Survey Table B15012
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 

Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Occupations

  • Santa Cruz County continues to top the state with a higher percentage of Computer, Engineering and Science occupations in the civilian employed population.
  • Santa Cruz County has 6.6% of total civilian employee occupations being Computer, Engineering and Science occupations in 2014.
  • Monterey County trails with 3.1% of total civilian employed occupations being Computer, Engineering and Science occupations in 2014.
Source(s):
1) U.S. Census Bureau, 2014 1-Year American Community Survey Table B24060
2) U.S. Census Bureau, 2013 1-Year American Community Survey Table B24060
4) U.S. Census Bureau, 2012 1-Year American Community Survey Table B24060
5) U.S. Census Bureau, 2011 1-Year American Community Survey Table B24060

Note: San Benito County data is not available in the U.S.. Census ACS 1 -year surveys as it does not meet the county population requirements
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 

 
Major Occupational Group Wages (2015)

  • The mean overall annual wages for Monterey County is $44,546, nearly 19% less than the California average of $54,920.
  • The Santa Cruz County mean annual wage is at $50,344, which is 6% less than the California average.
  • Computer and Mathematical Occupations in Monterey County are among the highest paying jobs, with an mean annual wage of $85,832.
  • Santa Cruz County is slightly behind Monterey County with an mean annual wage of $82,882 for Computer and Mathematical occupations.
  • Both Monterey and Santa Cruz County trail the state mean annual wage for Computer and Mathematical Occupations of $100,839.
Source(s): California Employment Development Department, Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) Survey Results 

Note: In the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) Survey, San Benito County is part of the San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara MSA and therefore not included in the graph below.
 
Please select a Major Occupational Group from the drop drown list to compare mean annual wages between California, Monterey County and Santa Cruz County for the years 2010-2014
 
Select Major Occupation Group:
 
 
 
 

Select Year:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Computer and Mathematical Wages (2015)

  • Software developers are the highest paying Computer and Mathematical occupation in Monterey and Santa Cruz counties with a mean annual wage of $112,287 and $111,628, respectively.
 
Source(s): California Employment Development Department, Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) Survey Results 

Note: In the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) Survey, San Benito County is part of the San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara MSA and therefore not included in the graph below.
 
Please select a Computer and Mathematical Occupation from the drop drown list to compare mean annual wages between California, Monterey County and Santa Cruz County for the years 2010-2014 (where applicable).
 
Select Occupation:
 
 
 

Select Year: